5 causes of prostate cancer and risk factors

Prostate men have a small gland located in the lower abdomen. The gland hormone is regulated by testosterone and produces prostate fluid, which is one of the components of semen fluid or semen. When there is an abnormal increase in prostate cells, then it leads to prostate cancer. 

The exact reason of prostate cancer is not known. It can be related to many factors such as cancer, or family history of diet. Age is one of the strongest risk factors for cancer in men because it is about 85%  in all cases of cancer over 65 years of age. Some common risk factors for prostate cancer include:

1. Diet: Some experts believe that fat-rich foods play an important role in promoting prostate cancer risk. Men who consume red meat, and pork and unhealthy fats cooked in high heat, they are more likely to have cancer. This is because it causes the production of carcinogenic compounds which increase the risk of cancer in non-vegetarian.

In addition, it has been reported that excess fat stimulates the production of testosterone, which in turn works on the prostate and stimulates its development. High level of testosterone can induce abnormal division of prostate cells to cancer.

2. High Body Mass Index (BMI): People with BMI who had more than 24.9 BMI were at higher risk twice than for those with BMI less than 25  for prostate cancer. In addition, the relationship between metabolic syndrome and the risk of prostate cancer was stronger in those who were overweight and obese (especially BMI BM 27 kg / m2) As BMI is directly related to diet and physical activity, it is possible that those who are obese (BMI greater than 24.9) are eating high fat diet and are probably less active.

3. Insecticide: In India, a large segment of men in rural areas appear to be potentially harmful chemicals such as pesticide either commercial or environmental. Due to the poor operation of these pesticides which contain carcinogenic compounds, it causes toxicity and increases the risk of cancer. In addition, exposure to organic chlorine pesticides, which contains estrogenic properties, can increase the risk of prostate cancer.

4. Family history: It is estimated that about 5-10% of the cases are inherited. Jeans may be responsible for approximately 40% of cases of cancer in men below the age of 55 years. One of the genes shown to increase the risk is a recurrent mutation in the HOXB13 gene. Apart from this, the risk increases if you have irst-degree relatives suffering from prostate cancer. The risk related to the father from son is 2.5 times while it is 3.4 times between the brothers and sisters.

5. Comorbid conditions: Some health problems can increase the risk of prostate cancer. These include a clinical history of diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure. The study has stated that those who have diabetes history were at risk of four times more cancer than the level of normal blood glucose. Also, the history of hypertension increases the risk of prostate cancer to three times as compared to normal blood pressure reading .

In addition, there are other factors which certainly know the risk of cancer such as smoking, alcohol and vasectomy. However, there are inconclusive evidence regarding the lifestyle factors such as tobacco (non-tobacco, pan masala, gutkha), smoking (bidi, cigarette) with lifestyle factors with prostate cancer.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *